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2022 Spring

POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY I - POS201/2 Spring 2022


Course
Silviya Lechner
For information about registration please contact our admissions.

Please see folder titled "Syllabus" under "Resources" (the master folder which contains all the readings for this course, PP 201/2).

Here is the course outline:

1. Week 1 Course Introduction

Feb 9 11:30am .. 2:15pm, TEAMS online (log in via your aauni account)

Topics: What is political philosophy? What is justice? Tradition or traditions? How do I write a well-argued philosophy paper? Required: none Assignments/deadlines: Signing up for presentations for weeks 8-14. Please sign up by week 3 (under 'discussion' assignment in 'Assignments')

2. Week 2 Plato I. Republic

Feb 16 11:30am .. 2:15pm, Room 2.06 - AAU Campus

Week 2 Plato I. Republic Topics: The ring of Gyges; Virtue; The city and the soul. The Guardians. Philosophers kings, the noble lie. Required: Cahn/Morgan Republic Book I (331c – 353 d: dispute between Socrates - Cephalus, Glaucon, Thrasymachus) Book II (357b – 361c; The Ring of Gyges, 359c-360b) Book III – begins at 386a. Justice in the city (rise of the city, 368e – 370) (read 394-417: the Guardians, 416d – 417a, 423e; the noble lie/tale of the metals 414 e- 415a) * ‘331c’ is a Stephanus number is a number located along the page’s margins (it is not a page number). Recommended: T. A. Sinclair (1967) ‘Plato’s Republic’, in History of Greek Political Thought. London: Routledge (2010 reprint), pp. 143-168 (NEO). Gerasimos Santas (2010) ‘Introduction: The Style, Main Argument, and Basic Ideas of the Republic’ (Ch.1) in Understanding Plato’s Republic, pp. 1-14. Oxford: Blackwell (NEO). Assignments/deadlines: Response paper analysing the weekly readings

3. Week 3 Plato II. Republic

Feb 23 11:30am .. 2:15pm, Room 2.06 - AAU Campus

Topics: (epistemology) the Forms, the allegory of the cave; (political analysis) the Ideal state Required: Cahn/Morgan Republic Book IV 420a-423d, 428d-433b (justice in the person 436a-b) (439e-440a spirited part) (justice in the city template for justice in the soul, 441 d-e) Book V women guardians 455 d- 456a-b (mating ‘festivals’ 460a) End of Book V (philosopher’s kings – 473d) (knowledge, ignorance, belief, 477a – 478d) Book VI begins at 484a (Divided line, 509a - 511e) Book VII begins at 514a (Allegory of the cave 514a-521d) Book VIII begins at 543a (Timocracy – 546d-550b. Oligarchy 550d-552a, Democracy - 555e-563e, Tyranny 536e-569b) Recommended: George Klosko (2012) ‘Plato: The Just City’, in History of Political Theory (Vol. I: Ancient and Medieval), pp. 83-113 (NEO). Julia Annas (1981) ‘Understanding and the Good: Sun, Line, and Cave’, in An Introduction to Plato's Republic. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Ch. 10 (NEO). Assignments/deadlines: Response paper analysing the weekly readings

4. Week 4 Aristotle I. Politics

Mar 2 11:30am .. 2:15pm, Room 2.06 - AAU Campus

Topics: (metaphysics) teleology, substance and form; (politics) natural slavery, the polis, zoon politikon Required: Cahn/Morgan Politics Book I Book I.2 the Polis (zoon politikon (Book I.2.9, 1253a; nature polis, 1252b) Household Bk. I. 3. (I.3.1, I.3.2 & I.2.5, I.2.12) Slavery – Book I.4 & I.5 Book II Aristotle’s critique of Plato (Polis as plurality II.2 – 1261a); Property II.3.4 – 1261a30-1261b30) Children & wives (II.4 – 1262a25, 1262a40) Book III on the citizen (III.1.6, III.1.12) (the good man a good citizen, Bk. III.4) *Aristotle’s text is cited by Book, chapter and paragraph number plus a Stephanus number if relevant. ‘ II.3.4 – 1261a30’ thus refers to Book II, chapter 3, paragraph 4, and the Stephanus number is ‘1261a30’. Recommended: John Vella (2008) ‘Success (Eudaimonia)’ (Ch. 5), in Aristotle: A Guide for the Perplexed. Bloomsbury Publishing (NEO). Peri Roberts & Peter Sutch (2012) ‘Aristotle: Is Politics Natural?’ (Ch. 2), in An Introduction to Political Thought: A Conceptual Toolkit. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press (NEO). Assignments/deadlines: Response paper analysing the weekly readings

5. Week 5 Aristotle II. Politics

Mar 9 11:30am .. 2:15pm, Room 2.06 - AAU Campus

Topics: Constitution, the best possible state, democracy and oligarchy Required: Cahn/Morgan Politics Book III.6 – constitutions (III.6 – 1278b-1279a15), Book III.7 (rule by one, few, many) Book III.8 (wealth), Book III.9 (constitutions – democracy and oligarchy) Book III.11 (case for democracy) Book IV.11 (‘Polity’ - the best constitution on average) Recommended: Otfried Hoeffe (2003) ‘Political Justice’ (Ch. 16), in Aristotle, trans. Christine Salazar. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press (NEO) George Klosko (2012) ‘Aristotle’s Life and Writings’, in History of Political Theory: An Introduction (Volume I: Ancient and Medieval), pp. 114-150. Oxford: Oxford University Press (NEO). Assignments/deadlines: Response paper analysing the weekly readings.

6. Week 6 Hobbes I. Leviathan

Mar 16 11:30am .. 2:15pm, Room 2.06 -AAU Campus

Topics: language & reason (agency); the state of nature, the right of nature, the law of nature Required: Cahn/Morgan Leviathan ‘Introduction to Leviathan’, Ch. 13 (state of nature), Ch. 14 (laws of nature), Ch. 15 (laws of nature) Recommended: Leviathan, Chs. 4, 5, 6 AP Martinich (2005) ‘Moral Philosophy’ (Ch. 4) in Hobbes. London: Routledge, pp. 54-106) (NEO) Bernard Gert (2010) ‘Hobbes’s Political Theory’ (Ch. 4), in Hobbes. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 110-140 (NEO). Richard Tuck (1989) Hobbes. Oxford: Oxford University Press. FS McNeilly (1968) The Anatomy of Leviathan. New York: St Martin’s Press. Assignments/deadlines: Response paper analysing the weekly readings

7. Week 7. Mid - term exam.

Mar 23 10am .. 10am, No class on AAU premises - log in to NEO from at home.

This is a take-home, open-books exam. It will cover material from Week 2 through Week 6. Please log in to NEO at 10:00 am CET on 23.03.2022 from at home (Please do not come to AAU in person) - this will give you a set of exam questions. Pick one exam question from the list and write an essay as a response to that question. The exam essay must be uploaded by 10.00 am CET on the next day, 24.03.2022, via NEO.

8. 28.03.2022- 01.04.2022 MIDTERM BREAK. No classes.

Mar 30, No classes

No classes for the week 28.03.2022 - 01.04.2022

9. Week 8 Hobbes II. Leviathan

Apr 6 11:30am .. 2pm, 2.06

Topics: authority and power, the social contract, two modes of sovereignty, the liberty of the subjects, Hobbes and IR Required: Cahn/Morgan Leviathan, Chs. 16 (authority), 17 (sovereign state), 18, 20, 21 (liberties of the subject) DD Raphael (2004) Hobbes, ‘Political Theory I’ Ch. 4 (pp. 29-40). London and New York: Routledge (NEO). Recommended: Leviathan Ch. 25 (some chapters, i.e. 16, 20 from Leviathan will be uploaded on NEO by the instructor) Michael Oakeshott (1975) ‘Introduction to Leviathan’, in Hobbes on Civil Association, pp. 1–79. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund. Noel Malcolm (2003) ‘Hobbes’s Theory of International Relations’ (Ch. 13), in Aspects of Hobbes, pp. 432-456. Oxford: Oxford University Press (NEO). Sharon A. Lloyd (2012) ‘International Relations, World Government, and the Ethics of War: A Hobbesian Perspective’ (Ch. 14), In S. A. Lloyd (ed.). Hobbes Today: Insights for the 21st Century, pp. 288-303. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (NEO). Assignments/deadlines: in-class presentations

10. Week 9 Locke I. Second Treatise of Government

Apr 13 11:30am .. 2pm, 2.06

Topics: the law of nature, the rights of nature, the state of war, property, freedom Required: Cahn/Morgan Second Treatise, Chs. 1, 2 (state of nature), Chs. 3, 4 (slavery), Ch. 5 (property), Ch. 7 (pol. society, §§ 77, 85-91 only), Ch. 8 (beginnings pol. society, §§ 95-99, 119 only), Ch. 9 (§§ 123-129 only). *Locke’s text is cited by chapter and paragraph (§). Recommended: Eric Mack (2012) ‘Locke’ (Ch. 7), in Gerald F Gaus and Fred D’Agostino (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy, pp. 71-81. New York, London: Routledge (NEO) A John Simmons (1993) ‘The State of War’ (Ch. 3) in On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent and the Limits of Society. Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 40-58. (NEO) Assignments/deadlines: in-class presentations

11. Week 10 Locke II. Second Treatise

Apr 20 11:30am .. 2pm, 2.06

Topics: political society, trust, the right to depose illegitimate governments Required: Cahn/Morgan Second Treatise, Chs. 9 (§§ 128-131), 10 (§§132-133, on government vs. community/state), 11 (§§ 134-138, 140-141), 12 (143-148), 13 (§§197-198), 18 (§§199-208) Recommended: Eric Mack (2013) Locke. New York, London: Bloomsbury. Martyn Thompson (1994) ‘Locke’s Contract in Context’, in David Boucher and Paul Kelly (eds.), The Social Contract from Hobbes to Rawls, 73-94. London, New York: Routledge. Assignments/deadlines: in-class presentations

12. Week 11 Rousseau. Of the Social Contract

Apr 27 11:30am .. 2pm, 2.06

Topics: the social contract, the general will, freedom and force, the citizen Required: Cahn/Morgan Of the Social Contract Book I (first 8 books), Book II (Chs. 1-4, 6), Book III (ch.1-2), Book IV (c´Chs.1-2). Recommended: On the Social Contract, Book II (the people, Chs. 8-9), Book III (4-5, on democracy and aristocracy). Robert Wokler (2001) ‘Liberty, Virtue, Citizenship’ (Ch. 4) in Rousseau: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press (NEO). Murray G. Forsyth & Maurice Keens-Soper (1988) ‘Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract’, in Murray G. Forsyth and Maurice Keens-Soper (eds.), A Guide to The Political Classics: Plato to Rousseau (Volume I). Oxford: Oxford University Press; pp. 171-202. https://archive.org/details/guidetopolitical0000unse_e9y3 Joshua Cohen (1999) Reflections on Rousseau: Autonomy and Democracy, in Christopher W. Morris, (ed.), The Social Contract Theorists: Critical Essays on Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. Assignments/deadlines: in-class presentations

13. Week 12 Kant. Perpetual Peace

May 4 11:30am .. 2pm, 2.06

Topics: public right, the state, a peaceful league of republics, is a global state desirable? Required: Cahn Perpetual Peace also available on NEO (read from the beginning, i.e. ‘Preliminary articles’, ‘Definitive articles’ up to and including section ‘Cosmopolitan Right’). Recommended: Georg Cavallar (1994) ‘Kant's Society of Nations: Free Federation or World Republic?’ Journal of the History of Philosophy 32 (3): 461- 482 (NEO). Pierre Laberge (1998) ‘Kant on Justice and the Law of Nations,’ in David R. Mapel and Terry Nardin (eds.), International Society: Diverse Ethical Perspectives. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp. 82-102 (NEO). James Bohman and Matthias Lutz-Bachmann (eds.) (1997) Perpetual Peace: Essays on Kant’s Cosmopolitan Ideal. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Assignments/deadlines: in-class presentations

14. Week 13 JS Mill. On Liberty

May 11 11:30am .. 2pm, 2.06

Topics: tyranny of the majority, the Harm principle/Liberty principle, the limits of political authority and the liberties of the individual Required: Cahn/Morgan On Liberty, Ch. 1, Ch. 3 (first 5 and last 7 paragraphs only), & Ch. 4. Recommended: Mill, Utilitarianism, any edition, Chs. 2, 5. David O. Brink (2013) ‘Liberal Preliminaries’, in Mill's Progressive Principles. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 135-148 (NEO). DD Raphael ‘Anarchy and Liberty’, in Of Liberty (1983) Royal Institute of Philosophy Lecture Series No15 (Supplement to Philosophy 1983), ed. A. Phillips Griffiths, pp. 1-15. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (NEO). C G. L. Williams (1989), ‘Mill’s Principle of Liberty’ (Ch. 15), in Jack Lively and Andrew Reeve (eds.), Modern Political Theory from Hobbes to Marx, pp. 424-444. (NEO) Assignments/deadlines: in-class presentations

15. Week 14 Marx. Alienated Labour & Value, Price and Profit

May 18 11:30am .. 2pm, 2.06

Topics: forms of alienation, labour and capital, value and use value, profit, exploitation Required: Alienated Labour/Estranged Labour (from Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844) & Value, Price and Profit (Chs 6-11) The Cahn anthology contains both texts The Morgan anthology has only ‘Estranged Labour’ but not ‘Value, Price and Profit’ -Value, Price and Profit - https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1865/value-price-profit/index.htm (here you can read also the key Chapters 12 and 14) - Estranged Labour (read only pages 28-35) https://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/bitstream/handle/1808/25944/Chapter_13_Marx.pdf?sequence=16&isAllowed=y Recommended: Andrew Collier (2008) ‘Labour, Value and Exploitation. Theory I’ (Ch. 5), in Marx: A Beginner's Guide. Oxford: Oneworld Publications, pp. 77-94 (NEO). David-Hillel Ruben (1999) ‘Karl Marx’ Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44: 65-79 (NEO). Julius Sensat (2016) The Logic of Estrangement: Reason in an Unreasonable Form. Basingstoke: Palgrave (Sec. 4.2-4.4, NEO). Assignments/deadlines: Term paper due in-class presentations

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